The name Topaz might have originated in Eastern culture meaning “to seek”.  It may also be traced to the Sanskrit word meaning "fire". Topaz is a silicate mineral of aluminum and fluorine. Pure topaz is colorless and transparent but is usually tinted by impurities; typical Topaz is wine, yellow, pale gray or reddish-orange, blue brown. It can also be forced to white, pale green, blue, gold, pink (rare), reddish-yellow or opaque to transparent/ translucent.

 

Yellow, Golden and Orange Topazes are the traditional November birthstone, are thought of as "the symbol of friendship", and Orange Topaz is the declared State gemstone of Utah.
Imperial Topaz is yellow, pink (rare, if natural) or pink orange.

 

Blue Topaz is the traditional birthstone for the month of December, and is the declared State gemstone for Texas. Naturally occurring blue topaz is rare. Typically, colorless, gray or pale yellow and blue raw Topaz is heat treated and irradiated to produce a more desired darker blue.

Mystic Topaz is colorless Topaz which has been artificially coated giving it the desired rainbow effect.
Notable Topaz deposits are found in Brazil, Pakistan, California, Ural Mountains, Russia, Mexico and Utah.
Topaz has many references in history. The Egyptians believed that Topaz was colored with the golden glow of the mighty Sun God Ra. This made Topaz a very powerful amulet that protected the faithful against harm. The Romans associated Topaz with Jupiter, their God of the Sun. In ancient times it was believed that Topaz helps to improve the eyesight. The Greeks trusted Topaz's supernatural power to increase strength and make its wearer invisible in times of emergency. Topaz was also said to change color in the presence of poisoned food or drink.

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