Beryl is not well known but is one of the most important gem minerals. Beryl is colorless in pure form. The many different impurities give beryl its varied coloration. Emerald is the green and Aquamarine is the blue variety of Beryl. The name Beryl is used for the red and golden varieties. The greenish-yellow variety is sometimes called Heliodor. The pink variety is called Morganite. The colorless variety is known as Goshenite. The most common Beryl of gem quality is called Golden Beryl. Red Beryl or Bixbite, is one of the world's rarest gemstones. Golden Beryls are found in Brazil, several African countries and Sri Lanka. Red Beryl is only found in the United States (Utah). Pink Beryl, or Morganite, is found in Afghanistan, Brazil, China, Africa and USA (California and Utah).
Popular legend says that Beryl was used to ward off demons and evil spirits. Ancient literature notes that Pliny used powdered Beryl to cure eye injuries. Contemporary stone lore about Beryl rumors Golden Beryl promotes cheerfulness maintains youthfulness. Golden beryl is said to make one sympathetic and increase sincerity.