Gemstone Properties

Kyanite

Kyanite is named after the Greek word for "blue". Very fine Kyanite can have a near Sapphire-blue color, but also can be found in a range of white, gray, green or yellow. Color is often not consistent throughout many examples, often showing white streaks in a medium blue. Luster is vitreous (glassy) to almost pearly. It is found across the world, with large pockets in Brazil, Kenya, Switzerland, Australia, and New England.  Kyanite in stone lore is rumored to aid in communication and expressing oneself, and to better embrace love and relationships.

 


Labradorite

Labradorite is an iridescent gemstone with a beautiful schiller or metallic luster when viewed from certain angles. A member of the plagioclase feldspar group along with Sunstone, Labradorite is known as a smokey grayish/green mineral base that creates an amazing metallic rainbow, referred to as "labradorescence". Labradorite was named after the Labrador Peninsula in eastern Canada where it was first found around 1770. Deposits have also been found in Australia, Finland, Madagascar, India, Mexico and the Adirondack Mountains in the United States. In stone lore, Labradorite is rumored to dispel negative energy, ease anxiety and feelings of depression, and enhance intuition and self confidence during difficult times.

Lapis Lazuli

Lapis has been used for more than 6000 years for fine jewelry and ornamental objects. Its name is from "lapis" the Latin word for stone,  and "azul," the word commonly meaning blue. Lapis Lazuli is made up of 25 to 40 percent lazurite, plus several minerals (Sodalite, Hauyne, Calcite, and Pyrite) that influence color and its distribution. Lapis Lazuli is considered a semi-precious stone and is found throughout the Middle East, most specifically Egypt and Afghanistan. Because of its bright blue color, Lapis Lazuli was ground up to make paint and dye pigments. Prior to the 19th century, it was used as the pigment ultramarine in tempra, and oil paints. Ancient Egyptian nobility such as Cleopatra used finely ground lapis as eye shadow. Lapis Lazuli is commonly mentioned in folklore as the stone for truth and friendship, as well as emotional healing. 

Larimar

Larimar is a rare brilliant sky/ sea blue stone in the pectolite family, and is found only in the Dominican Republic. Red colored inclusions in Larimar indicate traces of iron. It was not until 1974 that blue pectolite was rediscovered by a visiting member of the US Peace Corps, Norman Rilling, along with a local Dominican, Miguel Méndez. The few amazing stones they found were washed into the sea by the Bahoruco River. They named it Larimar after the Spanish word, “mar,” for “sea,” and Méndez's daughter, Larissa.   Larimar  in contemporary stone lore is rumored to aid with patience, acceptance, and self-expression
 
 

Lepidolite

Lepidolite is a lilac-gray or rose-violet colored lithium-bearing mineral of the Mica group. It is associated with other lithium-bearing minerals like Spodumene. Other associated minerals include Quartz, Feldspar, Amblygonite, Tourmaline, Columbite Cassiterite, Topaz and Beryl. When Lepidolite was first discovered in the 1700's, it was given the name Lilalite, for its lavender color. Scientists eventually renamed the stone Lepidolite, from the Greek lepidos meaning "scale." The reference is to the scaly appearance of lithium flakes in the mineral. Lepidolite ranges in color from lilac-gray to rose; it is the presence of lithium that lends it the distinctive color. It has a vitreous (glassy) to pearly luster. Lepidolite is a major source of the element lithium, the world's lightest metal. Lithium has many important industrial applications: it is used in rechargeable batteries, alloys for aircraft parts, and in appliances. Lithium compounds are used in mobile phones and mood-stabilizing drugs. Deposits have been found in Brazil, Russia, California, Mexico and Canada. In contemporary stone lore, Lepidolite is rumored to release and reorganize of old patterns of behavior and psychology, gently inducing change, emotional healing, and reducing stress and depression. Lepidolite is thought to dissipate negativity.

Malachite

Malachite is a basic copper carbonate that is formed from copper-containing solutions near copper ore deposits. The name Malachite comes from a Greek word for “mallow-green,” because the distinct color resembles the leaves of the mallow plant. Malachite was used as a mineral pigment in green paints from antiquity until about 1800. 
It is mined notably in Russia, Israel, Afghanistan and across Africa. During the Middle Ages, Malachite was worn to protect from black magic, and is still thought to ward off evil. In contemporary stone lore, Malachite is rumored to aid in releasing guilt and lingering effects of negative experiences, and to release the negative emotions.

Moldavite

Moldavite is an olive-green substance believed to have been formed through a meteor impact that happened 15 million years ago and is considered a type of Tektite (natural glass rocks up to a few centimeters in size, which most scientists argue were formed by the impact of large meteorites on Earth's surface). Tektites are among the "driest" rocks, with an average water content of 0.005%. This is very unusual, as most if not all of the craters where Tektites may have formed were underwater before impact. This suggests that the Tektites were formed under phenomenal temperature and pressure not normally found on the surface of the Earth. The first Tektites were found in 1787 in the Moldau River, hence their original name of "moldavites." Other color varieties of this natural glass have since been found in many different localities but the Moldau River in the Czech Republic is now the only known locality for green, transparent Tektite.  Tektites are usually translucent and occur in a range of colors from green to brown. Their surfaces are usually uneven or rough, with a distinctive lumpy, jagged, or scarred texture. Tektites do not contain the crystallites found in Obsidian.

 

The age of Moldavites, a type of Tektite found in the Czech Republic, was determined to be 14 million years, which agrees well with the age determined for the Nordinger Ries crater (a few hundred kilometers away in Germany). Similar agreements exist between Tektites from the North American strewnfield and the Chesapeake Bay impact crater and between Tektites from the Ivory Coast strewnfield and the Lake Bosumtwi Crater. Tektites from Thailand have been carved as small, decorative objects worn in the belief that they give protection from evil.The estimated amount of Moldavite in existence is only 275 tons.Moldavite Tektite is famed as an important New Age crystal, rumored to encourage spiritual awareness, and connection with both higher realms and extraterrestrial communication. More common contemporary stone lore rumors Moldavite as stone of communication, and helps to release inner demons.  

 


Moonstone

Moonstone owes its name to the white, almost magical shimmer that resembles moonshine. Gemologists call this phenomena adularescence, which originates from the interior structure of the gemstone in scales,exhibiting multicolor flashes. Moonstone can range from colorless to blue, peach, violet, green, pink or gray with a silvery scheen. This iridescence is known as a "schiller", but in moonstone it is called adularescence. Clarity ranges from transparent to translucent.

 

Moonstone is one of the modern June birthstones and an accepted gem for the 13th wedding anniversary. Moonstone is found in Australia, the United States, Madagascar, Mexico, and Sri Lanka. This gemstone was extremely popular in the times of "Art Nouveau", more than 100 years ago. Moonstone was used to decorate a striking amount of pieces of jewelry created by the famous French master-goldsmith René Lalique and his contemporaries. Old legends say Moonstone was used in jewelry by the Romans who believed that the stone was formed from the light of the moon. Moonstone is considered by many a sacred stone in India.  Traditional stone lore rumors Moonstones have a deep connection with women, and aides in balancing hormones, helps relieve PMS, increases fertility, and eases the pain of childbirth.  For men, it's said to help in opening up one’s emotional self.

Morganite

Morganite is a pink/purple stone in the Beryl family.  It was first discovered in Madagascar in 1910. In the first decade of the twentieth century, several new gemstone varieties were discovered in Pala, California. They include Kunzite, the pink variety of Spodumene; and Morganite, the pink variety of Beryl. Kunzite is named after the famous American gemologist, George Frederick Kunz, who spent most of his career as the chief gemologist at Tiffany & Co. Morganite was named in honor of the legendary financier and gem collector, J.P. Morgan. In fact it was Kunz who suggested naming the newly discovered Beryl after Morgan, who was Tiffany's largest customer.

 

Morganite belongs to the same gemstone family as Emerald, Aquamarine, Golden Beryl and Bixbite. Among these Beryls, Morganite and the raspberry-red Bixbite are the rarest. In fact, Bixbite is only found in the state of Utah in the USA. Morganite is not quite as scarce, but still counts as a rare variety. There has been some attempt in the jewelry trade to change the name of Morganite to "pink Emerald." Some scientists attribute Morganite's color to traces of Manganese, while other sources attribute the color to the element Caesium. Morganite's color can vary soft pink to violet to salmon or peach. Morganite deposits are found in Afghanistan, Brazil, China, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, Zimbabwe and the USA (California and Maine). Morganite in contemporary stone lore is associated with increasing calm and deeper meditative states.

Moss Agate

Moss agate is a form of chalcedony with green inclusions in it, caused by the presence of metal. It is a form of Agate which includes minerals of a green color embedded in the Chalcedony, forming filaments and other patterns suggestive of moss.The colors are formed due to trace amounts of metal present  as an impurity, such as chrome or iron. It is found all over the world. In ancient times, Roman farmers believed wearing Moss Agates would ensure good crops and to please the gods that bring an abundant harvest.  Common folklore rumors Moss Agate enhances concentration and endurance.

Mother of Pearl

Mother of Pearl is the inner part of a shell produced by some mollusks.  It is the part of the shell that creates nacre, the glossy outer layer of pearls. Pearls and the inside layer of Pearl oyster and freshwater Pearl mollusk shells are made of nacre. The nacre is continuously deposited onto the inner surface of the shell, the iridescent nacreous layer, commonly known as Mother of Pearl. The layers of nacre smooth the shell surface and help defend the soft tissues against parasites and damaging debris by entombing them in successive layers of nacre, forming either a blister Pearl attached to the interior of the shell, or a free pearl within the mantle tissues. The process is called encystation and it continues as long as the mollusk lives.Caviar spoons are normally made out of Mother of Pearl so it does not impart a metallic taste as metal spoons do. Folklore says that Mother of Pearl contains the healing powers of the sea.

Onyx

The name comes from the Greek word onyx which means nail of a finger or claw. Onyx is a Chalcedony quartz that is mined in  Brazil, India,  California and Uruguay. Onyx is the Mystical birthstone for the month of December. It is also the birth stone for the Zodiac sign of Leo. Ancient legends says that one day while Venus was sleeping, Eros cut her fingernails and scattered them on Earth. Because no part of a heavenly body can die, the gods turned them into stone which later became known as Onyx. Originally, almost all colors of Chalcedony from white to dark brown and black were called Onyx.  Today Onyx is often prefaced with the word with black to distinguish it from other varieties of Onyx that come in white, reddish brown, brown and banded, known as Sardonyx. In contemporary stone lore, it is rumored Onyx decreases sexual desire and aids in controlling bad habits.

Opal

The gemstone Opal is the official October birthstone. Opal is related to quartz, although it is much softer due to its high water content. As light enters the Opal, it bends around the edges of tiny particles of hydrated silica, "chips" of silicon and oxygen suspended in water within the stone. When it is diffracted, the light that is made up of all visible colors, each with its own wavelength, produces an entire rainbow of colors. They can internally display virtually any color, and Opals with the most “fire” are the most valuable. Diffraction can cause flashes of any color of the rainbow (opalescent).  Australia produces 97% of the world’s Opals, although the reddish-orange “fire” Opals are mined in Mexico. The name Opal was probably derived from Sanskrit "upala", meaning "valuable stone". This was most likely the root for the Greek term "opallios", which translates as "color change". In the days of Roman antiquity there existed a so-called "opalus", or a "stone from several elements". Common folklore rumors Opals may increase intuition, enhance clairvoyance, and reveal the truth.  

Pearl

Pearl is the official birthstone for the month of June and is also the birthstone for the Sun Signs of Gemini and Cancer. Pearls have been used for adornment for more than 6,000 years. By 2500 B.C. there was already a substantial Pearl trade in China.  The “ideal” Pearl is perfectly round and smooth, although more often they form in irregular shapes. An organic gem, Pearls are formed inside mollusks such as oysters and mussels. They are formed when an irritant such as a tiny stone or bit of sand gets inside the mollusk's shell. A lustrous substance, called nacre, is secreted around the object to protect the soft internal surface of the mollusk. As layer upon layer of nacre coats the irritant, a Pearl is formed. Light that is reflected from these overlapping layers produces a characteristic iridescent luster. This process of building a solid Pearl can take up to seven or eight years.
The most valuable Pearls are perfectly symmetrical, relatively large and naturally produced. The principal oyster beds lay in the Persian Gulf, along the coasts of India and Sri Lanka, and in the Red Sea. Chinese Pearls come mainly from freshwater rivers and ponds, whereas Japanese Pearls are found near the coast in salt water. 

 

There are many types of Pearls:
Natural Pearls - made without human interference
Cultured Pearls- made when a foreign substance is intentionally inserted into a living oyster. This method was first used in 1893. 
Baroque Pearls - pearls that have irregular shapes
Biwa Pearls - an irregular shaped pearl which forms in the freshwater of Lake Biwa, Japan
Blister Pearls - pearls which grow attached to the inside of the shell
Black Pearls - gray to black pearls
Freshwater Pearls - pearls which form in fresh water mollusks and resemble puffed rice
Mabe Pearls - cultivated blister pearls
Seed Pearls - small, tiny pearls used in Victorian jewelry and sewn on clothing) 
          
Early Chinese myths told of pearls falling from the sky when dragons fought. Much early folklore mentionsPearls as a symbol of innocence, faith, and charity.

Peridot

Peridot is the official birthstone for the month of August and is also the stone for the Zodiac sign of Libra.Peridot is a unique stone because it only comes in one color, green, although, the shade and hue vary depending on the iron content. Peridot is also the only gemstone that is sometimes found in meteorites.Historically the volcanic island Zabargad (St. John) in the Red Sea, east of Egypt, was the most important deposit  exploited for 3500 years. Today's main deposits of Peridot are in Arizona, China, Vietnam and Pakistan. Folk and stone lore rumor that Peridot may attract love and calm anger, while also soothing nerves and dispelling negative emotions.

Peruvian Opal

Peruvian blue Opal is relatively rare and is only found in the Andes mountains near San Patricio, Peru. It is a very translucent stone with a natural brilliant sea blue/ green color. Depending on how the stone is cut it can be clear, scenic (showing varying degrees of color) or dendritic which has black fern like inclusions. This is the national stone of Peru. According to con temporary folklore, blue Peruvian Opal is a calming stone that can calm the mind and ease sleep problems. Peruvian Opal is rumored to aid in releasing communication blockages and relieves stress, and promotes tranquility and nurturing. All Opals are commonly believed to project the energies of the wearer, positive and negative.

Pietersite

Pietersite is the trade name for a (usually) dark blue-gray breccia aggregate made up mainly of Hawk's Eye and Tiger's Eye. It was discovered by a man named Sid Pieters in 1962 in Namibia, and is named Pietersite in his honor. Pietersite coloration appears chaotic, with streaks and colors in every direction. This is because during formation of the crystal, the materials that compose it were broken apart and then were reformed and cemented together by quartz. Stones and crystals that go through that process are referred to as brecciated. Pietersite colors include blues, rusty reds, golds and browns. Pietersite is characteristically found with a riot of earth colors, and is thought in stone lore to have a connection  to storms and even is sometimes called the Tempest Stone. Contemporary folk and stone lore rumors that the energy of Pietersite is very forceful and jolts us into personal change.

Prehnite

Named in 1789 after Hendrik Von Prehn (1733-1785), a Dutch colonial governor is credited with discovering Prehenite in 1774 at the Cape of Good Hope in Africa. Prehnite is composed of aluminium, calcium and silicon with a few specimens containing small trace of iron as well. Gem quality prehnite is neon yellow-green.  Contemporary stone lore rumors that Prehnite eases worries and restlessness, aids spirit communication and is a powerful dream stone

Prasiolite / Green Amethyst

While prasiolite is most often referred to as “green Amethyst,” in reality it is natural green quartz.  Its name comes from the Greek word, “prason,” meaning “leek,” because of its distinct color.  Since the mid 20th century, almost all natural Prasiolite has come from a small mine in Brazil, although small pockets are found in Poland. Contemporary stone lore rumors Prasiolite aids in mind to body healing and balance and increases inner focus and healing.

Pyrite

Pyrite is a metallic mineral that derives from iron.  Because of its color, it has also been given the nickname, “fool’s gold.”  Most Pyrite comes from the United States, although it is also found across Europe. Pyrite is usually found associated with other sulfides and oxides and is found in quartz veins, coal beds and even sometimes in fossils. Despite being nicknamed fool's gold, Pyrite is sometimes found in association with small quantities of gold. Gold and arsenic occur as a coupled substitution in the pyrite structure. Marcasite jewelry, made from small faceted pieces of Pyrite, often set in silver, was popular in the Victorian era and is still manufactured today. Its name comes from the Greek word, “pyr,” meaning “fire.”since it produces sparks when struck by steel or flint. In some French folklore, it is called “Pierre de Sante,” meaning “stone of health,” as it is believed to heal the entire body.  Pyrite is also rumored in stone lore to enhance communication and increase physical stamina.

Rhodonite

Rhodonite is a natural rose-pink mineral that resembles pink Feldspar. Rhodonite is often confused with Rhodochrosite because the base pink-rose color is very similar, but most Rhodonite specimens contain black Manganese oxides while Rhodochrosite is banded with white. It was originally believed to be pink Turquoise, because of its black veins, but this turned out to be inaccurate. Rhodonite comes from Canada, Russia, Sweden, South Africa, and is the official gemstone of Massachusetts.  It is very rare (and very expensive) to find Rhodonite in its natural crystal form.  It is rumored in stone lore as the stone of compassion and emotional grounding, and to build self-confidence.

Rhodochrosite 

Rhodochrosite is an interesting rose pink-colored gemstone that most commonly forms in hydrothermal veins associated with silver, copper, and lead sulfides. It was named the state mineral in mineral-rich Colorado in 2002, since some rare large red crystals have been found at the famous Sweet Home Mine near Alma, Colorado and formerly found mainly in Romania and Argentina. By chemical composition Rhodochrosite is a Manganese carbonate, and derives it's beautiful pink color from Manganese. It is related to the mineral Calcite, but where Calcite has calcium, Rhodochrosite has Manganese, which gives it's rich pink color.  Because it is difficult to cut, it is not often seen faceted. There are myths that the Incas believed Rhodochrosite to be the blood of former rulers turned into stone, so it is sometimes called “Rosa del Inca.”  In stone folklore, it is rumored as a love and relationship stone. Rhodochrosite is further rumored to lessen migraines and invigorate the sexual organs.  

Rose Quartz

Rose quartz is a variety of quartz that ranges from pale pink to rose red hue. The color is believed to be due to trace amounts of titanium, iron, or manganese. Rose quartz is found in Madagascar, India, Germany, South Africa and several localities in the USA in Maine and South Dakota, but most fine Rose Quartz comes from Brazil.  Rose Quartz is long rumored in folklore as a love stone, and also brings gentleness, forgiveness, and tolerance and eases heartache.

Ruby

Ruby is a pink to blood-red colored gemstone, a variety of the mineral Corundum. The red color is caused mainly by the presence of the element chromium. Its name comes from ruber, which is Latin for red. Other varieties of gem-quality corundum are called Sapphires. The ruby is considered one of the four Precious Stones; the Sapphire, the Emerald, the Ruby and the Diamond. Rubies are essentially just the name for a red Sapphire.The price of a ruby is mostly attributed to its color. The brightest red, called, “pigeon blood,” are the most valuable. Pink, orange, and purple are the normal secondary hues in ruby. A rich purple undertone reinforces the red making it appear richer. Like diamonds, clarity, cut, and carat are also contributing factors. Some rubies have either a 3-point, or 6-point asterism called a “star.”  They were originally mined only in Burma, Thailand, and Sri Lanka, although in the past century, deposits have been found in Tanzania, Madagascar, Vietnam, and Pakistan.Very recently, large amounts of rubies were found in Greenland. An early record of the transport and trading of rubies is seen in the literature on the North Silk Road of China, where rubies were carried along this ancient trade route moving westward from China as early as 200 BC.

 

Rubies have always been held in high esteem in Asian countries have always been considered a stone of nobility. Rubies were used to ornament armor, scabbards, and harnesses of noblemen in India and China. Rubies were laid beneath the foundation of buildings for the wealthy to secure good fortune to the structure.
In contemporary stone folklore, Rubies are believed to evoke passion, laughter, and courage and love.

Ruby-Zoisite

Ruby-Zoisite, also known as Anylolite, is a combination of Ruby crystals formed with green/black Zoisite (Tschemakite). Most specimens will display three colors -- green, black and red. Zoisite, the same mineral as Tanzanite, provides an earthy green and black color while Ruby lends pink and red highlights. Ruby-Zoisite was first discovered in 1954 in Tanzania. The name anyolite derives from the word for "green" in the native language of the Massai. Contemporary stone folklore rumors Ruby-Zoisite increases one’s sense of individuality, increases self confidence and helps us realize one's true potential.

Rutilated Quartz

Rutilated quartz refers to quartz crystal with inclusions of the mineral Rutile.  The inclusions resemble either red or gold bars “shooting” through the stone.  Rutilated quartz has also been called “Cupid’s Darts,” “Angel Hair Quartz,” and “Fleches d’amour.”  Stone lore suggests that it is a very energizing stone, that can help bring happiness and overcome mental disorders.

Sapphire

Sapphire is the birthstone for those born in September and for the Zodiac, it is regarded as the stone for Taurus. Ruby and sapphire are the same material, the mineral Corundum, and the second hardest gemstone after Diamond. Red corundum is known as Ruby, while all other colors are referred to as Sapphire. While blue is the classic sapphire color, Sapphires are actually found in a wide range of colors, including yellow, pink and green. The coloring agents in blue Sapphire are iron and titanium and in violet stones, Vanadium. Small amounts of iron impurity will result in yellowish and greenish stones. Chromium will produce pinks and iron and Vanadium will produce orange tones as well. Rutile needle inclusions will result in a silky shine to the stone. If these needles are aligned in the same direction, then this causes the six-rayed star sapphire affect.Like rubies, sapphires can display a 6-point asterism called a “star.” Sapphires are considered one of the four Precious Stones; the Sapphire, the Emerald, the Ruby and the Diamond.

Sapphires come from Thailand, Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Tanzania, and the Kashmir region of India, and Burma. Today, Sri Lanka and Madagascar produce most of the fine sapphires on the market. Throughout history, Sapphires were gemstones of the highest level. In Folklore, the Sapphire was believed to be a talisman that would protect you against evil spirits and demons of the night. The ancients regarded star sapphires as a powerful talisman protecting travelers and seekers. In contemporary stone folklore, they are believed to enhance focus and creativity, and still to protect from evil spirits.

 


Smoky Quartz

Smoky Quartz colors vary from brown to smoky gray to black. The characteristic smoke color of Smoky Quartz occurs when rock crystal quartz is exposed to natural radiation over long periods of time. It is known that exposure of transparent quartz to radiation can alter the oxidation states of impurities in the quartz structure, giving varying bodies of Smokey Quartz their unique colors. Smokey Quartz comes from many sources around the world. A few of the more noteworthy locations include Brazil, the Pikes Peak area of Colorado, USA (where it is associated with green Amazonite), and the Swiss Alps.

 

Historically, Smoky Quartz was most often seen as the material for the crystal balls used by fortune tellers.Smoky quartz in stone folklore is associated with grounding and protection.

Sodalite

Despite being discovered in the early 19th century in Greenland, Sodalite was not popular until the 1890s, when large deposits were found in Ontario. Sodalite gets its name from its high sodium content, and is well known in the gemstone world for its rich royal blue color and white veins of calcite. Sodalite can sometimes be confused with Lapis Lazuli, however Sodalite is classified as a mineral, whereas Lapis Lazuli is considered a rock. Lapis Lazuli is typically composed of 3 minerals: Lazurite, Calcite and Pyrite. Sometime Lapis Lazuli contains Sodalite as well. While the colors of Sodalite and Lapis Lazuli have some similarities, Sodalite tends more towards a violet blue color and never has inclusions of Pyrite. It is found in Canada, the United States, South America, and Russia. Sodalite is rumored in stone lore to increase self confidence and creativity.

Spinel

Spinel is a family of stones, which in its pure form, is white. However, trace imperfections produce Spinel in virtually every color, the most valuable being deep red.  Since these red Spinel look similar to Rubies, and are found in the same locations, it was impossible until the late 19th century to distinguish between the two when X-Ray tests proved the difference. It was found that many historical “Rubies” were later determined to actually be Spinel. The name comes from the Greek word, “spinther,” meaning “sparkling.”  The folklore rumored metaphysical properties of Spinel depend on its color: 

 

Black Spinel may spark independence; Grey Spinel  may be good for communication; Green Spinel  may inhibit fear; Pink Spinel  may foster love; Peach Spinel  may build self-esteem; Red Spinel  may increase vitality and confidence. Spinel is found in Burma, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tanzania, and Afghanistan.

Sugalite

Sugalite is a rare mineral of recent discovery. It is named after the Japanese geologist, Ken-ichi Sugi, who first identified it in 1944 from specimens found in Japan. Sugalite has a distinctive purple color and is usually opaque to translucent (which have the highest values), but also can contain contains black matrix, reddish brown or yellowish patches. In mineralogical terms, Sugalite is classified as a cyclosilicate, in the same class as Tourmaline, Iolite and Beryl. Sugilite has a very complex chemical composition as a Potassium Sodium Lithium Iron Manganese Aluminum Silicate. Sugalite is found in Japan and the Khalahari Desert region of South Africa, Canada and India. Recent stone folklore rumors that Sugalite may reduce stress and relieve anger, as well as restore a sense of well being and enhance self esteem.  

Sunstone

Sunstone is the golden variety of feldspar. Sunstone is typically a red-brown hue, with a metallic glitter which is caused by tiny platelets of Hematite or Goethite. It is found in Norway, Siberia, and the United States. In 1987 Sunstone was named the state mineral of the state of Oregon in the USA. The Oregon Sunstone is unique in that it is the only Sunstone containing copper crystals. There are myths that ancient cultures valued Sunstone, and it was thought to have magical properties and could be used to invoke the energies associated with the sun. More common folklore rumors that Sunstone promotes good humor, cheerfulness, builds self-confidence and a sense of freedom.

Tanzanite

 

Tanzanite is a rare gem of the Zoisite family. In its rough state it is reddish-brown, however heating it produces beautiful shades of violet and blue that are permanent.  Tanzanite is a very recently discovered stone, and is only found in one mine in Tanzania, East Africa. No other deposits have been discovered and since the Tanzanian discovery in 1967.  Prices of Tanzanite have skyrocketed in the past decade, since the mine is quickly depleting and there is no other known source. Contemporary stone lore sometimes calls Tanzanite the “work-a-holics stone,” as it is rumored to decrease anxiety, relieve stress, and help one “take it easy.”